What is Metacognition and Why Does It Matter So Much? | Sharon Saline, Psy.D. | 5 Min Read

Do you ever wonder why neurodiverse kids struggle with evaluating their strengths or challenges, understanding how their brains work and creating steps for self-improvement? Metacognition is the awareness and understanding of your own thinking and thought processes and, as the last executive functioning skill to coalesce (in the mid to late twenties), it’s often very challenging for alternative learners. Put simply, it’s a way to manage and understand your thinking. Metacognition allows someone to connect the dots, see the big picture, monitor their work and assess their progress. It ultimately helps with performance, task completion and learning. This self-awareness assists with time management, planning, focus and other skills that can be daunting for neurodiverse children and teens. With practice and time, you can help your student learn the skills needed to apply metacognition and improve problem solving.

Metacognition is a process related to self-awareness and is considered a key executive functioning skill because it governs behavioral output and is tied to emotional control. It also influences your ability for self-regulation and self-evaluation. People use metacognition to  achieve specific goals, learn what worked well (and what didn’t) and then apply that learning to future tasks. Researchers at University College of…

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Sharon Saline, Psy.D.

Sharon Saline, Psy.D. is a top expert in ADHD and neurodiversity. Dr. Saline specializes in an integrative approach to managing ADHD, anxiety, executive functioning skills, learning differences and mental health issues in neurodiverse and 2e children, teens, college-age adults and families. With over 25 years of clinical experience, she brings a positive, strength-based approach to improving the challenges related to attention, learning and behavior. As a licensed clinical psychologist in private practice in Northampton, MA, Dr. Saline helps people reduce frustration, develop daily living skills, communicate better and feel closer. An internationally sought-after lecturer, workshop facilitator, and educator/clinician trainer, she adeptly addresses topics ranging from making sense of ADHD and executive functioning skills to managing anxiety to understanding the teen brain. You may contact Dr. Sharon Saline at https://drsharonsaline.com.